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A Brief Guide to the Black Arts Movement
Other Black Art Poets
Amiri Baraka
Gwendolyn Brooks
Haki Madhubuti
Henry Dumas
Ishmael Reed
Jayne Cortez
Mari Evans
Nikki Giovanni
Ntozake Shange
Quincy Troupe
Sonia Sanchez
External Links
Modern American Poetry: Etheridge Knight
Offers essays on Knight's life and career. Also includes information and commentary on the Black Arts movement and Malcolm X.
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Etheridge Knight

Etheridge Knight

In 1931, Etheridge Knight was born in Corinth, Mississippi. Although he dropped out of school at age sixteen (as soon as he was old enough to join the army), his education in the uses and joys of language continued as he explored the world of juke joints, pool halls, and underground poker games. He began to master the art of the toast, a form of long, improvised, humorous poetry that dates back to the 19th century and has its roots in African storytelling.

From 1947 to 1951, Knight served in the U.S. Army in Korea, and returning with a shrapnel wound that caused him to fall deeper into a drug addiction that had begun during his service. In 1960 he was arrested for robbery and sentenced to eight years in the Indiana State Prison. During this time he began writing poetry, and he corresponded with and received visits from such established African American literary figures as Dudley Randall and Gwendolyn Brooks.

Dudley Randall's Broadside Press published Poems from Prison (1968), Etheridge Knight's first book, one year before he was released from prison.

The book was a success, and Knight soon joined such poets as Amiri Baraka, Haki Madhubuti, and Sonia Sanchez (to whom he was once married) in what came to be called the Black Arts Movement.

This movement, according to the poet and critic Larry Neal, was "radically opposed to any concept of the artist that alienates him from his community. Black Arts is the aesthetic and spiritual sister of the Black Power concept. As such, it envisions art that speaks directly to the needs and aspirations of Black America." Knight embraced these ideals in his own work and in 1970 edited a collection entitled Black Voices From Prison.

Knight's books and oral performances drew both popular and critical acclaim, and he received honors from such institutions as the Guggenheim Foundation, the National Endowment for the Arts, and the Poetry Society of America. In 1990 he earned a bachelor's degree in American poetry and criminal justice from Martin Center University in Indianapolis. Etheridge Knight died in 1991.

A Selected Bibliography


2 Poems for Black Relocation Centers (1968)
Poems from Prison (1968)
The Idea of Ancestry (1968)
A Poem for Brother Man (1972)
For Black Poets Who Think of Suicide (1972)
Belly Song and Other Poems (1973)
Born of a Woman: New and Selected Poems (1980)
The Essential Etheridge Knight (1986)

Poems by
Etheridge Knight

Hard Rock Returns to Prison from the Hospital for the Criminal Insane
The Idea of Ancestry

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