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FURTHER READING
Related Prose
Groundbreaking Book: Harmonium by Wallace Stevens (1923)
Metaphor in Literature
by Matthew Zapruder
Poetry Landmark: The Poet Homes of Key West, FL
Poetry Landmark: Wallace Stevens's Hometown of Hartford, CT
To Reinvent Invention: John Hollander on Wallace Stevens
by John Hollander
Wallace Stevens: The Problems of Painters and Poets
A Brief Guide to Modernism
Other Modernist Poets
E. E. Cummings
Ezra Pound
Gertrude Stein
H. D.
Hart Crane
Marianne Moore
Mina Loy
T. S. Eliot
William Carlos Williams
Related Poets
Marianne Moore
External Links
Wallace Stevens (1879-1955)
A collection of critical, historical, and biographical information at the Modern American Poetry site.
Wallace Stevens
An audio introduction to the poetry, for general readers, by Huck Gutman, Professor of English at the University of Vermont.
Hartford Friends and Enemies of Wallace Stevens
Organization committed to raising awareness of Wallace Stevens in his hometown of Hartford, CT and beyond, through readings, discussions, and programs.
The Wallace Stevens Journal
Publishes scholarly articles, poems, book reviews, news, and bibliographies related to Wallace Stevens.
Wallace Stevens
Essays, poems, pictures, and more. Compiled by Alan Filreis.
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Wallace Stevens

Wallace Stevens

Wallace Stevens was born in Reading, Pennsylvania, on October 2, 1879. He attended Harvard University as an undergraduate from 1897 to 1900. He planned to travel to Paris as a writer, but after a working briefly as a reporter for the New York Herald Times, he decided to study law. He graduated with a degree from New York Law School in 1903 and was admitted to the U.S. Bar in 1904. He practised law in New York City until 1916.

Though he had serious determination to become a successful lawyer, Stevens had several friends among the New York writers and painters in Greenwich Village, including the poets William Carlos Williams, Marianne Moore, and E. E. Cummings.

In 1914, under the pseudonym "Peter Parasol," he sent a group of poems under the title "Phases" to Harriet Monroe for a war poem competition for Poetry magazine. Stevens did not win the prize, but was published by Monroe in November of that year.

Stevens moved to Connecticut in 1916, having found employment at the Hartford Accident and Indemnity Co., of which he became vice president in 1934. He had begun to establish an identity for himself outside the world of law and business, however, and his first book of poems, Harmonium, published in 1923, exhibited the influence of both the English Romantics and the French symbolists, an inclination to aesthetic philosophy, and a wholly original style and sensibility: exotic, whimsical, infused with the light and color of an Impressionist painting.

For the next several years, Stevens focused on his business life. He began to publish new poems in 1930, however, and in the following year, Knopf published an second edition of Harmonium, which included fourteen new poems and left out three of the decidedly weaker ones.

More than any other modern poet, Stevens was concerned with the transformative power of the imagination. Composing poems on his way to and from the office and in the evenings, Stevens continued to spend his days behind a desk at the office, and led a quiet, uneventful life.

Though now considered one of the major American poets of the century, he did not receive widespread recognition until the publication of his Collected Poems, just a year before his death. His major works include Ideas of Order (1935), The Man With the Blue Guitar (1937), Notes Towards a Supreme Fiction (1942), and a collection of essays on poetry, The Necessary Angel (1951).

Stevens died in Hartford in 1955.

A Selected Bibliography

Poetry

Harmonium (1923)
Ideas of Order (1935)
Owl's Clover (1936)
The Man With the Blue Guitar (1937)
Notes Towards a Supreme Fiction (1942)
Parts of a World (1942)
Esthétique du Mal (1945)
Three Academic Pieces (1947)
Transport to Summer (1947)
Primitive Like an Orb (1948)
Auroras of Autumn (1950)
Collected Poems (1954)
Opus Posthumous (1957)
The Palm at the End of the Mind (1967)

Prose

The Necessary Angel (1951)

Plays

Three Travellers Watch the Sunrise (1916)
Carlos Among the Candles (1917)

Poems by
Wallace Stevens

Anecdote of the Jar
Bantams in Pine-Woods
Disillusionment of Ten O'Clock
Earthy Anecdote
Fabliau of Florida
Final Soliloquy of the Interior Paramour
Le Monocle de Mon Oncle
Lunar Paraphrase
Metaphors of a Magnifico
Nomad Exquisite
Of the Surface of Things
Sunday Morning
Tea at the Palaz of Hoon
The Emperor of Ice-Cream
The High-Toned Old Christian Woman
The Idea of Order at Key West
The Paltry Nude Starts on a Spring Voyage
The Plain Sense of Things
The Snow Man
Thirteen Ways of Looking at a Blackbird
To the Roaring Wind

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