Beat poetry evolved during the 1940s in both New York City and on the West Coast, although San Francisco became the heart of the movement in the early 1950s. The end of World War II left many poets questioning mainstream politics and culture. These poets would become known as the Beat generation, a group of writers interested in changing consciousness and defying conventional writing. The Beats were also closely intertwined with poets of the San Francisco Renaissance movement. The battle against social conformity and literary tradition was central to the work of the Beats.
|name||years||schools & movements|
|Ted Berrigan||1934-1983||Beat, New York School|
|Diane di Prima||1934-||Beat|
|Allen Ginsberg||1926-1997||San Francisco Renaissance, Slam/Spoken Word, Beat|
|Rochelle Owens||1936-||Beat, Ethnopoetics|
|Kenneth Rexroth||1905-1982||Beat, Jazz Poetry, Objectivists, San Francisco Renaissance|