America, it is to thee, Thou boasted land of liberty,— It is to thee I raise my song, Thou land of blood, and crime, and wrong. It is to thee, my native land, From whence has issued many a band To tear the black man from his soil, And force him here to delve and toil; Chained on your blood-bemoistened sod,
James Monroe Whitfield
James Monroe Whitfield was born April 10, 1822 in New Hampshire. A contemporary of Frederick Douglass, in addition to being a poet, he was active in the abolitionist movement and many of his poems advocate against slavery. His poems were published in multiple newspapers, and he published one volume of verse, America and Other Poems (1853). He died on April 23, 1871 in San Francisco, California.